The American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology Guideline for the Management of Patients With Valvular Heart Disease1 recommend early mitral valve repair only if the procedure is performed in a mitral valve reference center. The Mitral Valve Repair Center at The Mount Sinai Hospital is among the world’s best.
The overt operative and short-term clinical superiority of mitral valve repair over replacement with a prosthetic valve is well established and accepted by most cardiac specialists. Therefore, during the last decade, research and outcome analyses have focused on the long-term durability of mitral valve repair, particularly important in younger patients with degenerative mitral valve disease. In this context, the management of mitral valve regurgitation has changed drastically, and there has been a shift toward a more aggressive approach in terms of surgical timing and interpretation of the natural history of the disease. The latest literature has demonstrated the positive impact (better postoperative long-term survival) of early mitral valve repair, rather than waiting for symptoms such as ventricular dysfunction or dilatation, pulmonary hypertension, or atrial fibrillation—the standard guideline triggers for surgery in previous eras.
- 1Otto CM, Nishimura RA, Bonow RO, Carabello BA, Erwin JP 3rd, Gentile F, Jneid H, Krieger EV, Mack M, McLeod C, O'Gara PT, Rigolin VH, Sundt TM 3rd, Thompson A, Toly C. 2020 ACC/AHA Guideline for the Management of Patients With Valvular Heart Disease: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Joint Committee on Clinical Practice Guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2021 Feb 2;77(4):e25-e197. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2020.11.018. Epub 2020 Dec 17. Erratum in: J Am Coll Cardiol. 2021 Feb 2;77(4):509. Erratum in: J Am Coll Cardiol. 2021 Mar 9;77(9):1275. PMID: 33342586.