Livia L. Gheorghe, Sara Mobasseri, Eustachio Agricola, Dee Dee Wang, Federico Milla, Martin Swaans, Dimosthenis Pandis, David H. Adams, Pradeep Yadav, Horst Sievert, Gorav Ailawadi, Paul Sorajja
There has been rapid progress in transcatheter therapies for mitral regurgitation. These developments have elevated the need for the imager to have a core understanding of the functional mitral valve anatomy. Pre- and intraoperative echocardiography for surgical mitral valve repair for mitral regurgitation has defined contemporary interventional imaging in many ways. The central tenets of these principles apply to interventional imaging of transcatheter mitral valve interventions. However, the heightened emphasis on procedural planning and procedural imaging is one of the new challenges posed by transcatheter interventions. This need for accurate and reliable information has required the imager to be agnostic to the imaging modality. Cardiac computed tomography has become critical in procedural planning in this new paradigm. The expanded use of pre-procedural cardiac magnetic resonance to quantify mitral regurgitation and characterize the left ventricle is another illustration of this newer approach. Other illustrations of the new world of interventional imaging include the expanded use of 3-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography and real-time fusion of echocardiography and fluoroscopy images. Imaging data are also the basis for computational modeling, 3D printing, and artificial intelligence. These technologies are being increasingly explored to improve therapy selection and prediction of procedural outcomes. This review provides an update of the essentials in present interventional imaging for surgical and transcatheter interventions for mitral regurgitation.
Professor Ajit P. Yoganathan, PhD: "From bench to bedside": Celebrating his contributions to cardiac surgery with an honorary fellowship from the American Association for Thoracic SurgeryPedro Del Nido, MD, David H. Adams, MD
Surgical and Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement in Mitral Annular Calcification: A Systematic ReviewSophia Alexis, Aaqib Malik, Ahmed El‐Eshmawi, Isaac George, Aditya Sengupta, Susheel Kodali, Rebecca Hahn, Omar Khalique, Syed Zaid, Mayra Guerrero, Vinayak Bapat, Martin Leon, David H. Adams, and Gilbert Tang
- Vincent Chauvette, MD, Maral Ouzounian, MD, Jennifer Chung, MD, Mark Peterson, MD, Munir Boodhwani, MD, Ismail El-Hamamsy, MD, François Dagenais, MD, Matthew Valdis, MD, Michael W A Chu, MD
- Vincent Chauvette, MD, Elbert E Williams, MD, Ismail El-Hamamsy, MD